4 Ağustos 2012 Cumartesi

İngilizce Deyimler I

CALL OFF: Cancel an event.

The football match was called off because of the bad weather.

CALL BACK: Telephone again later.

Thank you for ringing. I’ll call you back as soon as I have the information that you want.

CALL UP: Ring up, telephone.

Alper called up me to learn the date of the exams.


Men over eighteen years of age were called up the fight the enemy in the war.

CALL BY: To make a short visit to a place or person.

I’ll call by to pick up the book on my way to work.

CALL FOR: Require, demand.

The situation calls for tact.
You have got the job!This calls for a celebration.

CARE FOR: To look after sb.

Who cared for her while she was ill.?

CARRY OFF: To succeed in doing sth difficult.

He felt nervous before he started his speech but he carried it off very well.

CARRY ON: To continue, do not stop.

How long id the party carry on after I left?
She intends to carry on studying after the course has finished.
I hope you will carry on doing these exercises.

CARRY ON WITH+NOUN: is used similarly.

The doctor told her to carry on with the treatment.
I’m too tired to carry on with this tonight.

CARRY OUT: Perform (duties), obey (orders, instructions), fulfil (therats), execute.

Soldiers must carry out their orders.
It will be difficult, but we shall carry out your instructions.
He read the instructions, but he didn’t carry them out.

CARRY OVER: Transfer ( to the next page).

Take the last figure on this page and carry it over to the top of the next page.

CATCH UP: Reache, come abreas of overtake, but not pass.

They’ve just left. If you hurry, you’ll catch them up.
I started last in the race but I soon caught up with the others.
You’ve missed whole term; you’ll have to work hard to cath up with the rest of the class.

CLEAN (STH ) UP: 1-) To remove all the dirt from a place that is paricularly dirty.

I’m going to clean up the kitchen before mum and dad get back.

2-) To remove sth that has just been spilled.

Oh no!!! You’ve spilled coffee on the new carpet! Can you clean it up?

CLEAN (STH) OUT: To clean the inside of sth thoroughly.

I’m going to clean out all the kitchen cupboards next week.

CLEAR AWAY: 1-) Remove articles, usually in order to make space.

Could you clear away these papers.

2-) Disperse.

The clouds soon cleared away and it became quite warm.

CLEAR OFF(INFORMAL): (Used especially as an order)To go away.

”Clear off.” Shouted the farmer, “you’re on my land.”

CLEAR (STH) OUT: To tidy sth and throw away things that you don’t want.

I really must clear out the kitchen cupboards.

CLEAR UP: 1-) Become fine after clouds or rain.

The sky looks a bit clody now but I think it will clear up.

2-) Make tidy and clean.

Don’t warn me! I’ll clear up my room.

3-) Solve(a mystery).

4-) Finish.

I have some letters which I must clear up before I leave tonight.

CLOSE(STH)DOWN: To stop all business or work permanently, at a shop or factory.

The factory has had to close down because of the recession.
Health inspectors have closed the restaurant down.

CLOSE IN (ON SB\STH): To come nearer and gradually surround sb\sth, especially in order to attack.

The army is closing in on the enemy troops.
As the mist was closing in we decided to stay where we were.

CLOSE UP:Come nearer together (of people in a line).

COME ABOUT: To happen.

How did this situation come about?

COME ACROSS/UPON: Find by chance, meet by chance.

I came across this book in a secondary shop.
When I was looking for my password, I came across these old photograps.

COME ACROSS/OVER: To make an impression of a particular type.

Alper comes across as being rather shy.

COME BACK: 1-) To return.

I don’t know what time I’ll be coming back.

2-) To become popular or fashionable again.

Flard trowers are coming back again.

COME BACK (TO SB): To be remembered.

When I went to England again, my English started to come back.

COME BEFORE SB/STH: To be more important than sb/ath else.

Göksar feels his family comes before his career.

COME BETWEEN SB/STH: To damage the relationship between two people.

Arguements over money came between Alper and Mustafa.

COME BY STH: To get sth.

Fresh vegetables are hatd to come by in the winter.

COME ALONG: To arrive or appear.

An old man was coming along the road.

COME APART: To break into pieces.

This old coat is coming apart at the seams.

COME AWAY(FROM STH): To become loose or unfastened.

The cover of the book is coming away.

COME AWAY WITH STH: To leave a place with a particular opinion or feeling.

We came away with a very favourable impression of O.D.T.Ü.

COME DOWN: 1-) To fall down.

The power lines came down in the storm.

2-) To land. (for a plane...etc...)

The helicopter came down in a field.

3-)To become lower.

The price of land has come down in the past year.

COME DOWN TO STH\TO DOING STH (INFORMAL): To have as the main feature or most important fact.

It all comes down to having the right qualifications.

COME DOWN TO STH: To reach down a particular point.

Her hair comes down to her waist.

COME DOWN WITH STH: To become ill with sth.

I think I’m coming down with flu.

COME FORWARD: To offer help.

The police asked witnesses to come forward.

COME IN: Enter.

Someone knocked at my door and I said, “come in”.

COME OFF: 1-) Succeed, of a plan or scheme (used in negative).

I’m afraid that scheme of yours won’t come off. It needs more capital than you have avaible.

2-) Take place; happen as arranged.

When is the weeding coming off?

COME OUT: 1-) Be revealed, exposed.

They decided eveybody till they quarrelled among themselves; then one publicly denounced the others and the whole truth came out.

2-) Be published (of books).

Her new novel will be coming out in time.

3-) Disappear (of stains).

Tomato stains don’t usually come out.

COME ROUND: 1-) Finally accept a previously opposed suggestion.

Her father at first refused to let her study abroad but he came round in the end.

2-) Come to home.

I’ll come round after dinner and tell you the plan.

COME UP: 1-) To appear above the soil.

2-) To rise.

3-) To be about to happen in the future.

I have an important meeting coming up next week.

4-) To be discussed.

The subject of religion came up.
The question of the caretaker’s wages came up at the last meeting.

CROP UP: Appear, arrive unexpectedly or by accident.

Some problems have cropped up that we weren’t expecting.

CUT DOWN: 1-) To make sth fall down by cutting it.

If you cut down all the trees, you will ruin the land.

2-)Reduse in size or amount.

CUT ACROSS STH: To go beyond the limits of.

The question of aid for the eartquake victims cuts across national boundaries.

CUT IN: Slip into traffic line ahead of another car when there isn’t room to do this safely.

Traffic accidents are often caused by drivers cutting in.

CUT SB\STH OFF: To stop the supply of sth to sb.

If you don’t pay your gas bill, they’ll cut you off.

CUT SB OFF: To stop or interrupt sb’s telephone conversations.

We were cut off before I could give her my message.

CUT OUT: 1-)To remove sth or to form sth into a particular shape by cutting.

She cuts out a dress from a piece of cloth.

2-) (informal) (often in orders) To stop saying or doing sth.

Cut that out and leave me alone!

CUT STH UP: To cut sth into small pieces with a knife, etc...

DIE AWAY: To slowly become weaker before stopping or disappearing.

The sound of the engine died away as the car drove into the distance.
They waited till the sound of the guard’s footsteps died away.

DIE DOWN: To slowly become less strong.

The building burnt fiercely all night but slowly the flames died down towards morning.

DIE OUT: Become extinct.

Elephants and eagles would die out if men could shoot as many as they wished.
The use of horses on farms has almost died out in this country.

DO AWAY WITH: Abolish. To get rid of sth.

Most European countries have done away with their roval families.
The government should do away with the regulations restricting drinking hours.
They have done away with trams in Ankara.

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